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Business Process Automation (BPA): Definitions, Features, and Best Practices


Last Update: Aug. 15, 2023

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As a business leader, you're always looking for ways to optimize operations and boost efficiency. One of the most effective methods is business process automation or BPA.

Some of the world's most successful companies like Google, Amazon, and Netflix rely on BPA to improve productivity, minimize errors, and deliver a great customer experience.

When implemented properly, BPA can cut costs and increase productivity by up to 50%.

In this article, you'll learn what BPA is, the key benefits it provides, how leading companies use it, and how you can get started leveraging this transformative technology in your own organization.

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What Exactly Is Business Process Automation?

Business process automation (BPA) refers to the use of technology to streamline and optimize business processes and workflows.

BPA aims to reduce manual and repetitive tasks, minimize errors, and increase efficiency.

BPA utilizes software and algorithms to handle high-volume, repetitive tasks and processes that were traditionally performed by humans.

Things like data entry, claims processing, invoice handling, and customer onboarding can all be automated.

By automating repetitive and mundane tasks, BPA frees up your employees to focus on high-value work that drives innovation and growth.

The key steps in BPA implementation are:

The Benefits of BPA: Why Companies Automate

Automating business processes provides significant benefits to companies.

By implementing business process automation (BPA), organizations can achieve the following:

  • Increased productivity and efficiency. Automating repetitive, routine tasks allows employees to focus on more meaningful work that adds value. This results in higher productivity and efficiency.
  • Improved accuracy. Automated systems are designed to follow the same steps precisely each time, reducing human error and ensuring greater accuracy.
  • Cost savings. Automating time-consuming, labor-intensive processes decreases costs associated with human labor and overhead.
  • Better compliance. Automated processes follow the same controlled procedures each time, ensuring consistency and compliance with regulations and standards.
  • Enhanced scalability. As a company grows, manual processes become increasingly difficult to scale. Automation provides scalability to support business growth.
  • Data-driven insights. Automated systems generate data that provides visibility into processes, enabling data-driven decisions to optimize and improve operations.

Major companies implement BPA to gain competitive advantage.

For example, Netflix uses automation to gain deep insights into customer behavior and personalize the customer experience.

How Business Process Automation Works

Business process automation (BPA) refers to the use of technology to complete business processes with minimal human intervention.

BPA works by setting up a series of actions to be carried out automatically in a specific order when started.

How BPA Works

BPA utilizes software tools known as “robots” or “bots” to automate repetitive, mundane tasks.

These bots follow predefined rules and steps to automatically complete processes without human effort.

For example, when you submit an online form, a bot can automatically retrieve your information, cross-check it with available data sources, and follow up via email.

The bot handles the entire process from start to finish based on parameters set by developers.

Some key features of BPA include:

  • The ability to map and document current processes to identify automation opportunities. BPA solutions capture the series of actions required to complete a process.
  • Process modeling using flowcharts to visually represent the steps in a process. This helps identify bottlenecks, redundancies, and areas for optimization.
  • Rules engines and decision modeling to automatically determine the appropriate path and actions based on specific rules and conditions.
  • Integration capabilities to connect different systems, data, and applications across the organization. BPA pulls information from various sources to enable end-to-end automation.
  • Monitoring and analytics to gain insights into process performance. BPA solutions track key metrics like cycle times, error rates, costs, and productivity to optimize processes.
  • Scalability to handle a large volume of tasks and processes at scale. BPA can dramatically increase the throughput of routine tasks.

Key Features of Effective Business Process Automation

Effective business process automation relies on several key features to streamline operations.


Standardizing your business processes is crucial for automation.

This means documenting how employees currently handle processes and optimizing them into a standardized sequence of steps.

Standardization reduces variability and ensures processes are handled consistently and efficiently each time.

Minimizing Human Intervention

A key goal of BPA is to minimize repetitive manual tasks currently handled by employees.

Automating as many routine steps as possible frees up employees to focus on more strategic work.

However, human judgment and oversight are still required to manage the automation system and handle exceptions.


BPA tools should integrate with your existing systems, such as enterprise resource planning platforms, customer relationship management software, and business intelligence tools.

Integration enables data to flow automatically between systems, eliminating the need for manual data entry and ensuring data accuracy.


An effective BPA solution can scale as your business grows.

It should be able to handle increased volumes and complexity over time. Scalability is essential for long term success and to avoid business disruption.

Look for BPA tools that leverage cloud technology, as the cloud offers virtually unlimited scalability.

Security and Compliance

Robust security protects your data and systems from unauthorized access or cyber threats.

Compliance ensures your BPA solution meets industry regulations and standards.

Security and compliance are especially important when customer or employee data is involved.

Monitoring and Analytics

BPA tools provide monitoring and analytics to optimize your automated processes over time.

Monitoring tracks the performance and health of your systems in real time.

Analytics and reporting allow you to measure key metrics, uncover insights, and make data-driven decisions to enhance your BPA program.

Examples of Business Processes That Can Be Automated

Business process automation (BPA) refers to using technology to execute recurring business processes and workflows to increase efficiency and reduce human error.

Many core business functions can benefit from automation, including:

Human Resources

Tasks like onboarding new employees, managing timesheets and expenses, and updating employee records can be automated.

For example, when a new employee is hired, an automated process can create their profile in the company directory, set up their workstation, and enroll them in benefit programs.

Finance and Accounting

Invoicing clients, paying bills, reconciling bank statements, and generating financial reports are all processes that can be automated.

Accounts payable and accounts receivable workflows in particular benefit greatly from automation.

For instance, an automated invoicing system can track billable hours logged by employees, generate invoices to send to clients, follow up on late payments, and reconcile payments received.

Customer Service

Automation can handle basic customer service requests like updating contact information, processing returns or refunds, and answering frequently asked questions.

Chatbots, in particular, use natural language processing to understand questions from customers and provide responses.

Many companies use chatbots to field simple inquiries and route more complex issues to human agents.

Supply Chain Management

Ordering supplies, managing inventory levels, and coordinating shipments are supply chain processes that often involve many manual steps but can benefit from automation.

For example, automation can predict when inventory levels are running low, automatically order more stock to avoid shortages, and track the progress of shipments to ensure on-time delivery.

The Business Process Automation Lifecycle: How to Get Started

To implement business process automation in your organization, it's important to follow the key steps in the BPA lifecycle:

Assess and Evaluate

The first step is to assess your current business processes and identify which ones would benefit most from automation.

Look for processes that are manual, repetitive, time-consuming, and prone to human error.

Analyze how much time and resources each process requires to determine the potential ROI of automation. Some questions to ask include:

  • Which processes are slowing us down and reducing productivity?
  • Where are the bottlenecks and inefficiencies in our workflows?
  • What processes require significant manual data entry or re-entry?

Redesign and Optimize

Once you've evaluated your processes, the next step is to redesign and optimize them for automation.

This may involve simplifying complex processes, standardizing inconsistent processes, and digitizing any paper-based processes.

The goal is to make your processes as streamlined and efficient as possible before automating them.

Automate and Test

With your processes redesigned, you can now select an automation tool and program the technology to handle your processes.

Be sure to thoroughly test the automated processes to ensure they are functioning properly and meeting your needs before rolling them out organization-wide.

It may take some troubleshooting and re-programming to work out any issues.

Monitor and Manage

The final step is to continuously monitor your automated processes to make sure they are running smoothly and yielding the desired benefits.

Look for any new inefficiencies or bottlenecks as well as opportunities for further optimization.

Be prepared to make minor tweaks to your automated processes as needed to keep them performing at their peak.

With regular management and oversight, business process automation can provide lasting rewards.

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Business Process Automation Best Practices

To successfully implement business process automation (BPA) in your organization, following best practices is key.

Conduct an Audit of Current Processes

The first step is to evaluate existing business processes to determine automation potential.

Analyze each process in detail to identify inefficiencies, redundancies, and opportunities for improvement.

Assess which tasks are suitable for automation versus those that require human judgment and input. This audit will highlight processes that would benefit most from BPA.

Start Small and Scale Up

Do not try to automate every process at once. Begin with one or two high-value processes to build a foundation for success.

Choose processes that are consistent, repetitive, and rules-based. Starting small allows you to gain experience, address challenges, and prove the value of BPA before expanding to more complex processes.

With each implementation, you can scale wider and higher across departments and business units.

Define Clear Rules and Logic

Any process you aim to automate must have clearly defined steps, rules, and logic.

Map out the exact conditions, sequences, and parameters required for the process to function properly.

This level of detail and precision is necessary for configuring automation software and ensuring an efficient, accurate outcome.

If a process lacks concrete rules and logic, it may not be suitable for BPA.

Test Extensively Before Deploying

Never deploy an automated process into live operations without first testing it extensively.

Conduct multiple rounds of testing under varying conditions to identify any issues, errors, or unintended results.

It is best to test automated processes using real data in a simulated environment that mirrors your actual operations.

Fix any problems before go-live to avoid disruptions to service or quality.

Continuously Monitor and Optimize

Even after deploying an automated process, you must continuously monitor its performance and look for optimization opportunities.

As conditions change, the logic or rules of a process may need to be updated.

Regular reviews and audits help to ensure sustained efficiency and effectiveness of all automated business processes.

BPA Case Studies: How Major Companies Automated Their Operations

Major companies have implemented business process automation to streamline their operations and gain a competitive advantage.


Walmart, the world’s largest retailer, has heavily invested in BPA to optimize its supply chain and in-store operations.

Walmart uses automated systems to forecast demand, determine optimal pricing, manage inventory, and facilitate quick supplier payments.

These systems have reduced operating costs and enabled faster growth.


McDonald’s, the popular fast food chain, leverages BPA to automate tasks like scheduling employees, managing food orders, and processing payments.

McDonald’s automated food ordering system allows customers to place orders via self-service kiosks and mobile apps.

Their automated scheduling system assigns work shifts based on predicted customer traffic and employee availability.

These technologies have increased operational efficiency, improved customer experience, and reduced costs.

American Express

American Express, the global financial services company, leverages BPA for tasks like fraud detection, customer service, and application processing.

American Express uses machine learning algorithms to detect fraudulent transactions in real-time.

Their automated customer service system handles basic inquiries via chatbot.

An automated application review system evaluates new account applications.

These technologies have improved security, customer experience, and operational efficiency.


In summary, business process automation is essential for companies looking to streamline operations, reduce costs, and scale efficiently.

By implementing BPA software, you can eliminate repetitive manual tasks, reduce human error, and optimize key processes.

While the initial investment may seem costly, the long term gains in productivity, efficiency, and customer satisfaction far outweigh any upfront expenses.

Major brands across all industries have already implemented BPA to great success.

What are you waiting for? Automate your business processes today with Sanka to gain a competitive advantage and set your company up for success.

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